13 Weeks Pregnancy
During the 13 weeks pregnancy period, your baby’s fingertips have fingerprints, veins and organs can be seen under his transparent skin and the size of his body has now begun to grow on his head. Until now, her body was only 1/3 of her total size. Your stomach is still growing and your hormones can make you a little clumsy. Although the relaxin hormone that makes your ligaments relax is only necessary for your pelvic region, it affects your whole body and makes you clumsy.
Baby at 13 Weeks Pregnancy
By the 13 weeks pregnancy period, your baby’s little fingertips now have fingerprints, veins and organs can be seen under her translucent skin, and the size of her body has now begun to reach her head – by now only one-third of her total size. If you are expecting a baby girl, she has 2 million eggs in her ovaries. The baby is the size of a pea. But do not compare your baby’s size with other babies, since the week ahead, babies start growing at different speeds. Some grow faster, some slower, but all go through the same processes.
In the 13 weeks pregnancy, tiny bones begin to form the shape of the arms and legs. Maybe he can bring his thumb to his mouth as he can move erratically. Your baby’s intestines are also undergoing great changes. The bowels that have developed in a space close to the umbilical cord until now are moving towards the place where they will stay forever, namely the umbilical cavity. Your baby’s lungs are also developing this week and will begin to breathe first. Through the umbilical cord, oxygen will breathe under water as it is carried to the body and lives inside the water sac.
In addition, the placenta is growing to meet the increased needs of the fetus. When you give birth, its weight will range from half a kilo to 1 kilo. The exciting news of the week is that your baby’s voice cord begins to develop this week. You will not hear any sound because sound waves are not transmitted through your uterus, but you should not doubt that it will use its sound very well when it is born.
Changes in 13 Weeks of Pregnancy
Due to the 13 weeks pregnancy and the last week of the first trimester, your chances of miscarriage are now reduced. The week ahead will be the first week of the second trimester, when many women are relieved by the disappearance of early pregnancy symptoms. Another good news: most women realize that their sexual desire has increased during this period of pregnancy. There are still months of birth, but your breasts may have already begun to produce the nutritious fluid called “colostrum” that will feed your baby before your milk comes.
Another change you may experience during this period is the increase in vaginal discharge. A milk-like, slightly fragrant or odorless liquid called Leukorrhea is extremely normal and will increase as your pregnancy progresses. This discharge is caused by increased estrogen production and intense blood circulation in the pelvis area. Its task is to protect the birth canal from infections and maintain the balance of bacteria in the vagina. If you are very uncomfortable with the discharge, you can use a daily pad, but you should never use a tampon or wash your genital area with water. Otherwise, you will become susceptible to infections because the bacteria balance in that area will be disturbed.
Important Foods for 13 Weeks Pregnancy
Protein, iron and calcium are 3 nutrients that are important for you to stay healthy and continue your baby’s development:
- Protein: Try to consume 71 grams of protein every day. Soy based foods such as lean meats, eggs and dairy products, nuts, kidney beans and tofu are good sources of protein. 3 servings a day will be enough to meet your needs. Fish are both sources of protein and omega 3.
- Iron: Consuming 27 milligrams of iron every day is very important to combat the iron deficiency problem frequently seen among pregnant women. Iron in animal foods is more easily absorbed than iron in plants. The best source is red oil free. If you are vegetarian or cannot eat meat, you can consume spinach or legumes. It can be difficult to get the necessary iron from these sources, so your doctor may prescribe medicines to support you. (Tip: Vitamin C improves the absorption of iron in plants, so eat citrus fruits, strawberries and sweet peppers – eat iron-rich foods that don’t contain meat at the same time, or lower your iron stock with a glass of orange juice)
- Calcium: Eating 4 servings of dairy products per day will help you get the 1000 mg of calcium you need daily (if you are 18 or younger, you need to take 13000 mg of calcium per day). Your baby needs calcium for bone and tooth formation. If you do not get enough calcium, your baby will supply the calcium it needs from your body and the amount of calcium stored in your bones will decrease.