What is Ovulation? When does Ovulation Occur?
What is ovulation and when does ovulation occur questions are frequently asked. Ovulation period is a condition that occurs in every healthy woman from adolescence to menopause, and is released from the sac that is called the follicle in which the egg is placed, from the vesicle to the fallopian tubes. This situation, which takes place in the menstrual cycle that takes place every month in the reproductive age, is an extremely important period for couples who want pregnancy. In the ovulation period, when the egg in the fallopian tubes opening to the uterus comes together with the male reproductive cell sperm, fertilization takes place and the embryo occurs. At this stage, which is the first steps of pregnancy, the female body prepares itself for the formation of pregnancy with the effect of secreted hormones. In the absence of pregnancy, the menstrual cycle is prepared for possible pregnancy by repeating the ovulation period every month, together with the province. In order to better understand the female ovulation period, it is necessary to know well what is going on in the menstrual cycle.
What is Ovulation Period?
The female ovulation period, which corresponds to the middle of the menstrual cycle, which is on average once every 28 days, occurs by releasing the egg in the ovarian reserve and maturing under the influence of hormones into the fallopian tubes. The maturation of the eggs begins on the 6th day following the menstrual bleeding seen on the first day and continues until the 14th day of the oscillation. Approximately 3 to 30 eggs ripen every month and the most mature eggs are released from them. Although the time period known as ovulation period starts with the stimulation of egg follicles by hormones, the release of the egg required for pregnancy takes 24 hours. Although a single egg is released into the fallopian tubes during the spawning period, more than one egg can be released within 24 hours. If the fertilization does not occur, the egg can survive for approximately 12 to 24 hours. However, this does not mean that pregnancy will occur only in these 24 hours. The male reproductive cell sperm can survive for 4 or 5 days in the female body. As a result of the sexual intercourse entered on the 5th day before the ovulation period, the sperm cell in the fallopian tubes can fertilize the released egg. The question of whether to get pregnant outside the ovulation period can be answered in this way. If fertilization does not occur, the egg, which can remain alive for 24 hours, dissolves inside the body. During menstrual bleeding, which occurs approximately 14 days later, it is excreted from the body along with the uterine tissue.
What are the Symptoms of Ovulation Period?
Although the symptoms of ovulation are not felt regularly every month, the absence of symptoms does not mean that ovulation does not occur. Some women feel these symptoms more intense, while others may not. However, ovulation pain is commonly felt in the lower abdomen among women during ovulation. This pain, which is caused by the maturation of the egg and the stretching of the follicle surface, may be accompanied by the burning sensation that occurs from time to time when the egg is thrown into the fallopian tubes. Another method frequently used by those who follow the ovulation period is the measurement of the body temperature, which is performed without moving as soon as you wake up in the morning. The so-called basal body temperature increases somewhat with the action of the hormone progesterone. It is approximately 0.5 degrees higher than usual for the 24 hours following ovulation. Another change that is among the symptoms of ovulation period is the change seen in vaginal discharge defined as cervical mucus. As the ovulation period, which coincides with the middle of the menstrual cycle, approaches, the volume of the vaginal discharge increases. Cervical mucus is clearly slippery, transparent and elongated. This change in the cervical mucus during this period when the body prepares itself for pregnancy makes it easier for the sperm cell to reach the uterus. It is also effective in keeping the sperm cell alive for a longer period in the female body. Other ovulation symptoms are listed as follows:
- Sensitivity in breasts
- Increased sexual desire
- Swelling in the abdomen
- Sensitivity to taste and odors
- Increased cervical opening
How Many Days does the Ovulation Period Last?
Although it takes about 5 to 6 days for the egg to mature and exit the follicle, ovulation takes approximately 24 hours. Therefore, the answer to the question of how many days the ovulation period lasts is approximately 1 day. In addition, the egg can survive for about 24 hours after exiting the follicle and moving to the fallopian tubes. Therefore, it is important for those who want to become pregnant to follow their menstrual cycles carefully.
What Happens in the Menstrual Cycle?
Menstrual bleeding occurs at different times in each woman. The female body prepares itself for the possibility of a new pregnancy every month during the menstrual period, which takes place on average every 28 days between 21 and 35 days. During this period, the hypothalamus in the brain stimulates the pituitary gland for the secretion of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and LH (luteinizing hormone) hormones. With the secretion of the secreted hormones into the blood, the follicles in the ovarian reserve are stimulated and thus the ovulation period begins. The matured egg is discharged from the sachet it contains and thrown into the fallopian tubes opening to the uterus. The vesicle, or in other words, the follicle from which the egg comes out, takes on the role of estrogen release. As the egg advances through the fallopian tubes, the endometrium, known as the uterine wall, thickens under the influence of the released hormone estrogen. If the egg meets the sperm cell in the fallopian tubes, fertilization is achieved. The embryo that occurs is attached to the uterus after its progress towards the uterus and the pregnancy continues. However, if the egg does not meet or fertilize the sperm cell, estrogen release decreases, but the level of the hormone progesterone released increases. Thus, the thickened endometrium tissue begins to fall back to its original state. Menstrual bleeding occurs when the spilled uterine tissue is discharged vaginally. The menstrual cycle occurs on average every 28 days.